Saturday, July 27, 2013

Wheatland Hop Riot of 1913

This August 3d is the centenary of the Wheatland Hop Riot, the first major agricultural labor confrontation in California.

Four died and many more were injured after a posse attacked a strike meeting in Yuba County. Two strike leaders convicted of being IWW members spent a decade in prison before being pardoned.

The Legacy of Wheatland

Photo from Hops of Wrath

Site information, Office of Historic Preservation:

NO. 1003 SITE OF THE WHEATLAND HOP RIOT OF 1913 - The Wheatland Hop Riot was one of the most important and well-known events in California labor history. A bloody clash occurred at the Durst Ranch on August 3, 1913, climaxing growing tensions brought about by the difficult conditions farm laborers at the ranch endured. The riot resulted in four deaths and many injuries. It focused public opinion for the first time on the plight of California's agricultural laborers, and resulted in new state legislation to regulate labor camp conditions. A new State Commission on Immigration and Housing was created to help improve working conditions. Beyond that, the Wheatland Hop Riot was the first major farm labor confrontation in California and the harbinger of decades of attempts to organize or control agricultural labor.
Location: Intersection of S 'A' St and 6th St, Wheatland